Wouldn’t it be nice if we were able to obtain medical treatment that works for us as individuals rather than a general “one-size-fits-all” approach? Much like with clothing, people are all different and what works for one person, may not work for another. Therefore, we want medical alternatives that are customized for our bodies.
Personalized or precision medicine is not a new concept, but our ability to implement it has just been significantly upgraded with a machine learning method called deep learning. Deep Learning is what sparked the most recent revolution in Artificial Intelligence. In some ways, it is a way that allows the computer to learn the same way we do: by listening, reading and watching!
Customized medical treatment requires multiple sources of data–genomics, electronic health records (EHRs) and medical imaging together. Perhaps even wearables and social data. Deep learning is accelerating our journey towards personalized medicine by sharing a few examples applied to EHRs.
EHRs have a wealth of information about a person’s medical history. Some of the data is easy to parse out such as age and gender, but most of the data is in the doctor’s clinical notes and extracting the intent from these notes has been very challenging until deep learning came around. Let me walk you through some examples of how deep learning is enabling us to extract knowledge out of the EHRs.
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have applied deep learning to extract meaningful insight from the pathology reports of cancer patients that can then be used to assess the efficacy of different cancer treatments at a population level. This historical data allows us to then determine the best treatment for a specific person or even the best healthcare policy for our nation.
Hospitals such as Johns Hopkins and Mount Sinai have developed, and in some cases deployed, patient monitoring systems that can predict patient health outcomes by parsing through their electronic health records. The physician and medical staff are alerted when the deep learning system suspects that an adverse event such as sepsis may happen or a severe disease such as diabetes may develop based upon key factors found in the EHR.
Finally, bringing all of the information in the EHR together to build a custom model and personalize medical treatment to each individual specific patient is always the goal. Technology companies such as CloudMedX have done a phenomenal job at offering solutions. CloudMedX offers a clinical AI portal that improves clinical decision support by surfacing the right insights at the right time, helping physicians assess and understand their patient’s risk and inform treatment and preventative action.
It is truly a transformative time for healthcare. Deep learning within EHRs can enable physicians to save more lives, reduce costs in the healthcare system, and increase access to the best level of care. However, to make it happen, we need the patients, the physicians, the data scientists and the engineers all to work together. The great news is that we have a super helper, deep learning!